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Medical Milestones in the last 90 years

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As the Queen celebrates her 90th birthday, we look back over the medical milestones that have occurred since 1926... 

Queen Elizabeth II

Many Happy Returns

As the Queen celebrates her 90th birthday, we take a look at some of the key medical milestones that have occurred during her lifetime.

Many Happy Returns

As the Queen celebrates her 90th birthday, we take a look at some of the key medical milestones that have occurred during her lifetime.

1926

Queen's Crown

Queen Elizabeth II is born

Queen Elizabeth II was born Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on April 21, 1926, in London.

1927

Vaccine

Vaccine: Tuberculosis

First injected vaccine for tuberculosis is made available to the public.

1928

Penicillin

Penicillin discovered

Scottish bacteriologist Sir Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.

1945

Vaccine

Vaccine: Influenza

Vaccine for influenza is made available to the public.

1948

NHS Icon

NHS is born

The NHS is created on July 5th 1948 out of a long-held ideal that good healthcare should be available to all, regardless of wealth.

1952

NHS Icon

Prescription charges introduced

Charges of one shilling are introduced for prescriptions.

1953

DNA Icon

DNA discovered

Cambridge University scientists James Watson and Francis Crick publish the first article describing the structure of DNA.

1953

Queen's Crown

Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

Coronated on June 2nd following the death of her father George VI on February 6th 1952.

1954

Smoking Lung Cancer Icon

Smoking linked to lung cancer

Sir Richard Doll establishes a clear link between smoking and lung cancer.

1955

Vaccine Icon

Vaccine: Polio

Vaccine for polio is made available to the public.

1960

Kidney Transplant Icon

The first UK kidney transplant

An Edinburgh doctor, Michael Woodruff, performs the first UK transplant involving an identical set of twins.

1961

Contraceptive Pill Icon

The contraceptive pill

The contraceptive pill is made widely available and is hailed as a breakthrough of the 20th century.

1962

Hip Replacement Icon

The first hip replacement

First full hip replacement is carried out by Professor John Charnley in Wrightington Hospital.

1963

Vaccine Icon

Vaccine: Measles

Measles vaccine is made available to the public.

1967

Vaccine Icon

Vaccine: Mumps

Vaccine for mumps is made available to the public.

1967

Vaccine Icon

The Abortion Act

The Abortion Act is introduced by Liberal MP David Steel and is passed on a free vote, becoming law on April 27 1968.

1968

Heart Transplant Icon

First heart transplant

First NHS transplant. A 45-year-old man becomes the first Briton to have a heart transplant on 3 May.

1972

CT Scan Icon

CT Scans introduced

Computer tomography scans start to revolutionise the way doctors examine the body.

1974

Vaccine Icon

Vaccine: Chicken Pox

The first vaccine for chicken pox is developed.

1977

Vaccine Icon

Vaccine: Pneumonia

Vaccine for pneumonia is made available to the public.

1978

Test Tube Baby Icon

First test tube baby born

First test-tube baby is born in the U.K. Louise Brown is the world's first baby to be born as a result of in-vitro fertilisation.

1978

Vaccine Icon

Vaccine: Epidemic Meningitis

Vaccine against epidemic meningitis is synthesised.

1980

W.H.O Icon

World Health Organisation

W.H.O. announces smallpox is eradicated.

1980

Keyhole Surgery Icon

The first keyhole surgery took place

A surgeon uses a telescopic rod with fibre optic cable to remove gallbladder.

1981

Vaccine Icon

Vaccine: Hepatitis B

First vaccine for hepatitis B is made available to the public.

1986

HIV/Aids Icon

AIDS health campaign

The government launches biggest public health campaign in history to educate people about the threat of AIDS as a result of HIV.

1995

Vaccine Icon

Vaccine: Hepatitis A

Vaccine for hepatitis A is made available to the public.

1996

Dolly Cloning Icon

Dolly the sheep

Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.

2000

Human Genome Icon

First draft of human genome

First draft of human genome is announced; the finalised version is released three years later.

2007

Scientific Discovery Icon

Scientific discovery

Scientists discover how to use human skin cells to create embryonic stem cells.

2008

Vaccine Icon

Vaccine: Human Papillomavirus

HPV vaccination programme. Cervical cancer vaccination is introduced for teenage girls.

2016

Queen's Crown

Queen Elizabeth II's 90th Birthday

April 21st

 

*NB. whilst 1955 was the date of the first vaccination in the UK, the programme to vaccinate everyone under the age of 15 against polio and diphtheria was launched in 1958. 

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